I have seen all kind of roads during my cycle trip in Kyrgyzstan. And the local definition of good road, is defintely different from my definition.
Rarely, there is a perfectly asphalted road (but ok, that is not why I came to Kyrgyzstan):
Most of the few asphalt roads have major holes, cracks, …
Majority of the normal roads are not asphalted.
They come in different categories:
A hard earth road. Easy to ride on
A hard earth road but washboard profile: this shakes your body.
A slightly gravel road
And then comes the category of roads which do request full concentration:
Roads with stones
Roads with lots of stones and small rocks
Riverbeds where your wheels sink in the sand
Crossing rivers with slow or fast flowing water (wet feet)
Just a bad road
And all of the above in combination with steep uphill or downhill